The index of business activity is calculated by the National Bank monthly: in March 2021, he amounted to 51.4 compared to 48.8 in February.
The index of business activity is an instrument for evaluating and monitoring trends in the development of the economy, which is calculated on the basis of polls of Ukrainian enterprises. On the basis of respondents' responses, monthly indices of business activity expectations are calculated - sectoral (for each sector of the economy) and composite, characterizing the country's economic development per month.
Enterprises of all branches that participated in the survey have more significantly appreciated the results of their work in March. Optimistic shifts are also in trade, industry and services, where the sectoral indices crossed the neutral level.
Industry enterprises the second consecutive month show higher among other sectors assessing their own economic prospects: in March, the sectoral index grew to 52.3 out of 50.3 in February. Industry enterprises improved their expectations regarding the production of products and new orders, including export.
Observes an increase in the evaluation of economic results of the service sector and trade: from 49 in February to 52.2 / 51.4 in March. The lowest estimates in entrepreneurs-builders of housing, but due to seasonal revival of activity, pessimistic expectations decreased: increasing the index of the sector from 35.3 in February to 40.6 in March. The expectations of the procurement of raw materials, the vacancy of contractors and construction volumes have improved.
Among all entrepreneurial sectors are projected to increase prices for services and products of own production due to rising prices of raw materials. No increase in the number of employees so far.
The research was attended by 269 enterprises: 40.5% - industry, 30.1% of services, 25.7% - trade, 3.7% - construction.
39.6% of the polled enterprises carry out export-import operations, 10.0% - export operations, 16.4% - imported, 34.2% - do not carry out external economic operations.
34.2% of respondents - large enterprises, 28.6% - medium, 37.2% - small.