Legalization of Domestic Workers in Ukraine: Key Provisions of the New Law

by Roman Cheplyk
Wednesday, May 22, 2024
Legalization of Domestic Workers in Ukraine: Key Provisions of the New Law

President Volodymyr Zelenskyi has signed a law that legalizes the work of domestic workers in Ukraine, according to an announcement on the Verkhovna Rada’s website

This new legislation, identified as draft law No. 5695, aims to regulate the activities of domestic workers, formalize employment contracts, and set standards for working conditions.

Key Provisions of the New Law:

  1. Definition and Scope:

    • A domestic worker is defined as an individual who engages in domestic work as part of an employment relationship with an employer.
    • Domestic work refers to tasks performed within the household, based on a contract or employment agreement, to provide household services.
  2. Employment Contracts:

    • Employment contracts must be signed with domestic workers, serving as the primary document regulating employment relationships.
    • The contract outlines the obligations and rights of both parties and is the basis for the worker's admission to work.
    • Contracts must be made in two copies, one for each party, and both copies hold equal legal force.
  3. Work Hours:

    • Domestic work that is performed irregularly and for up to 40 hours per month is not considered formal employment under this law.
  4. Prohibition of Wage Deductions:

    • Deductions from the wages of domestic workers to pay for housing or other expenses are prohibited.
  5. Age Restrictions:

    • It is forbidden to employ individuals under the age of 16 for domestic work.
  6. Notification of Employment:

    • Employers are required to notify the relevant authorities about the hiring of a domestic worker. This notification must follow the procedures established by the Cabinet of Ministers and the central executive body responsible for state policy on the administration of the EES (Unified State Register of Enterprises and Organizations of Ukraine).
  7. Rights and Obligations:

    • The law ensures that domestic workers have clearly defined rights and obligations, providing a legal framework for their protection and ensuring fair treatment in the workplace.

This legislative move marks a significant step towards formalizing and protecting the employment of domestic workers in Ukraine, ensuring they receive fair treatment and legal recognition in their roles.

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