Wind power is a branch of energy specializing in converting the kinetic energy of air masses in the atmosphere into electrical, mechanical, thermal, or other convenient energy types for use.
Currently, there is a rapid development of the wind energy industry in Ukraine, mainly due to the adoption by the Supreme council of Ukraine in 2009 of one of the highest green tariffs in Europe for electricity generated by wind power plants with a capacity of over 2MW. This tariff is about €11.3 per 1kWh and will be valid until 2030.
The largest in Ukraine is the Botievo wind farm. It is located in the Zaporizhzhia region. Its construction began in 2012 and ended in 2014. The station consists of 65 wind turbines with a unit capacity of 3.075MW. The design average annual generation is 686 million kWh. As of commissioning, the Botievo wind farm was one of the five largest wind farms in Central and Eastern Europe.
The second-largest wind farm in Ukraine is Novoazovskaya wind farm. The first stage of the station was commissioned in 2011. Now the total capacity of this wind farm is 57.5 MW, and the design capacity is 107.5 MW. The wind farm has 23 wind turbines with a unit capacity of 2.5 MW.
The third in terms of capacity is the Ochakovsky wind park, located in the Mykolaiv region. The construction of the park began in 2011 and was completed in 2015. The total installed capacity of 47.5 MW is provided by 19 wind turbines with a unit capacity of 2.5 MW.
Ukraine possesses significant wind energy resources and, due to its natural and climatic characteristics, can become one of the top places in the world in the use of wind energy.