On July 22, a momentous event occurred in Istanbul: an agreement was signed on exporting Ukrainian grain via the Black sea. Ukraine, the UN and Turkey attended the agreement. Ukraine did not sign an agreement with Russia — Russia signed a mirror agreement.
"The agreement signed today by Ukraine, the Russian Federation and Turkey under UN auspices open a path for commercial food exports from Ukraine in the Black Sea. It will help avoid a food shortage catastrophe for millions worldwide. It is a beacon of hope, possibility and relief," Antonio Guterres.
- Control over the ports of the ports Odesa, Chornomorsk and Pivdenny belongs to Ukraine;
- Instead of demining ports, special fairways will be used to exit ships;
- Full export from Ukrainian ports will begin in a few weeks;
- The Istanbul coordination centre consisting of Ukraine, Turkey and Russia will coordinate the exit of ships from Ukrainian ports.