The Internet of Things, or IoT, is a system of interrelated computing devices, mechanical and digital machines, objects, animals or people that are provided with unique identifiers and the ability to transfer data over a network without requiring human-to-human or human-to-computer interaction. IoT is increasingly being used in manufacturing because it allows you to remotely monitor metrics and make data-driven decisions. IoT at the hardware level is a network of explosion-proof temperature and vibration sensors that are resistant even in the most difficult climatic conditions. They fully automate the collection of non-critical data from production equipment.
Deputy chairman of Kyiv City state administration and CDTO of Kyiv Petrщ Olenich spoke about the implementation in the capital of IoT solutions that helps to manage the city using technology.
Infrastructure is one foundation of the city. And in order to successfully run a city, you need to have updated data about its facilities — schools, kindergartens, hospitals, etc.
That is why Kyiv is developing the IoT network and its capabilities in various fields. From the air quality monitoring system to the housing and communal services. And this is just the beginning.
The Kyiv City state administration already has the first successful cases of using IoT solutions for utilities at certain urban infrastructure facilities, in particular:
- Monitoring of microclimate in kindergartens, schools, hospitals;
- Control of presence in premises, access to switchboard cabinets, windows, roofs, hatches, underground utilities;
- Remote reading from metering devices;
- Monitoring the movement of equipment and optimizing its use in order to increase efficiency;
- Management and control of garbage collection.
The plan is to scale the network and provide 100% coverage. This will allow the city to dispatch special equipment on time, prevent overfilling of garbage containers and create comfortable living conditions in the metropolis.
Where is the Internet of Things used?
According to a study by IoT Analytics, in 2020, the highest level of IoT technology penetration was observed in transport, energy, retail, city life management, healthcare and industry.