Every day, interest in alternative energy is growing and transforming into development, innovation and production. So, electric cars on today's roads no longer cause that storm of interest, as it was only a couple of years ago. Now electric vehicles are everywhere, both on the broad avenues of the metropolis and the quiet streets of provincial towns.
And precisely this demand for environmentally friendly transport has led to the development of electrical charging points.
The pace of development of electric cars 2021
Ukraine remains one of the leaders in Europe in terms of the pace of electromobilization.
According to the Ministry of Infrastructure of Ukraine, as of September 1, 2021, 30.062 electric vehicles were driving on the country's roads. Over the previous two months(August and July), their number increased by 715 and 575 units, respectively, and over the last six months, from March to September, the increase was 20%.
Every third electric car in Ukraine is assigned to the Kyiv region.
• According to the statistic data, on September 1, 2021, 10.047 vehicles were registered in Kyiv and the Kyiv region, which is 21.6% of the total electric vehicle fleet in the country.
• On the second and third places are Odesa and Lviv regions: 4372 (15%) and 1969 (6.6%) electric vehicles.
Factors contributing to the increase in the number of electric cars
1. When importing an electric car into Ukraine, the import duty, excise and VAT are not paid.
2. Parking a car with a gasoline or diesel engine on the spot for electric vehicles has become an administrative offense and is punishable by a fine.
3. Issuance of green license plates that will be assigned only to vehicles driven by an electric motor. Privileges for cars with green license plates:
- Parking in specially designated areas with charging;
- Driving into certain streets on which the movement of traditional cars is prohibited (if local authorities establish these restrictions);
- Movement in public transport lanes.
4. Strategy of Ukraine to increase the number of electric cars.
The National transport strategy until 2030 provides for the stimulation of the use of electric vehicles. The goal is to increase the share of electric cars to 75% in 2030.
The action plan includes:
- By 2030, completely replace all urban public transport with electric transport and create this infrastructure;
- To exempt exporters from paying excise duty when importing electric cars;
- To exempt companies that import various components used to produce electric vehicles from VAT (value-added tax);
- To oblige the owners of paid parking lots to equip at least 5% of places with special chargers;
- all 100% of parking spaces in Ukraine have already been equipped with electric charging machines.
5. The Ministry of the infrastructure of Ukraine proposes a new law:
- From 2027, prohibit the import of used cars with diesel internal combustion engines;
- From 2030, ban the import of used and new vehicles with gasoline or diesel.
6. The EU transport policy has set a target to reduce by 50% the use of cars using traditional fuels in cities by 2030 and phase out them entirely by 2050.
7. Savings, because one kilometer on an electric car costs $0.010, and on a gasoline car — more than $0.074.