Mineral fertilizers and ammonia have long been one of the most exported chemical products of Ukraine. Ukraine is one of the leading exporters of nitrogenous mineral fertilizers in the world. The country exports mineral fertilizers to 70 countries of the world, among which are India, Brazil, Turkey, Mexico, Pakistan, Nigeria.
In 2010 mineral fertilizers exports amounted to $2 billion, up from $1.7 billion in 2009. In general, as compared to 2009 there was a 26% increase in sales of this category of products.
As of 2010, in terms of fertilizers production Ukraine is the undisputed leader in Europe. It accounts for approximately 25% of all mineral fertilizers produced on the continent. The share of Ukrainian mineral fertilizers in global markets is also at a very high level — around 10%.
In the context of diversification of exports and promotion of new products, it is important to retain a leading position in this segment.
The main buyers are India, China, Indonesia, Brazil, Mexico and Azerbaijan. Besides a 25% share in European markets, it also maintains a 15-20% share in the world market. The issue of diversification of export markets is critical for the industry.
Ukrainian companies are leaders in producing some types of fertilizers, and there are a considerable number of the respective manufacturers: JSC Azot, JSC Dneproazot, JSC Odesa Port Plant, JSC Rivneazot, JSC Concern Stirol, JSC Sumykhimprom, CJSC Severodonetsky Azot, CJSC Titan. Moreover, the country is one of the largest producers of phosphate rock in the world, which means it will be able to supply any spike in demand.
Due to a significant reduction in grain harvest, the production of concentrated nitrogenous fertilizers decreased by 8.2% in 2010 as compared to 2009. In terms of production JSC Azot in Kyiv is the undisputed leader among all Ukrainian enterprises with a 30% share. Also, it occupies an enviable position in foreign markets.
According to experts, there was a certain increase in demand for mineral fertilizers on international markets last year. At some moment it appeared that the market has bottomed and is currently in the process of recovering.