In 2014, Russia started a war against Ukraine. Crimea was annexed, Donetsk and Luhansk regions were partially occupied and turned into ruins.
In 2017, Ukraine sued Russia at the UN for violating the International Convention for the Suppression of Terrorist Bombings and the International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination.
In 2019, the UN confirmed its jurisdiction in the case of violation of conventions by the Russian side. Was opened Application of the International Convention for the Suppression of the Financing of Terrorism and of the International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination.
On June 6, 2023, the first hearing in the case started, Ukraine spoke. Ukraine's next hearing will take place on June 12. Russia's hearings are held on June 8 and 14. The hearings will be broadcast online in French and English.
What Ukraine presents to Russia:
- Provision of weapons and military support to criminal armed groups in the occupied and annexed territories of Ukraine;
- Destruction of a Boeing 777 on flight MH17 over the Donetsk region;
- Executions, persecution, abductions and torture of Ukrainians and Crimean Tatars;
- The ban on the study of Ukrainian and Crimean Tatar languages and discrimination against native speakers of these languages;
- The ban on the life and development of the Mejlis of the Crimean Tatar people.
Ukrainian foreign Ministry ambassador-at-large Anton Korynevych said Ukraine's hearing went "very well."
"This is the first case of Ukraine against Russia in international courts, which has reached the level of consideration of the case on its merits. That is why it is really very important. Today we have made a very good start. I think that our facts, international law, and the arguments we apply to prove the strength of our position," Anton Korynevych.