Automotive Industry of Ukraine History

by Olha Povaliaieva
Thursday, November 18, 2021
2 MIN

The history of the automotive industry in Ukraine began with the formation of its own state

It all started in the fall of 1917 when for the first time in history passenger cars were manufactured in Kyiv. The project was implemented by an experienced Italian company and called “the Assembly of ten thousand”, which was to allow a working-class from neighboring countries to get a reliable and affordable means of transportation.

Although the idea was interesting, economic issues did not let it work for long, so the project came to an end, but its experience remains. In 1924, more than 1 million cars were assembled in Ukraine. In 1934-1940 cargo trucks were also manufactured in Ukraine on a mass scale.

From the 1990s, after the collapse of the Soviet Union, Ukraine began to develop its automotive industry on its own. The first batch of modern cars was made in the 1990s, but mass production began only in 2002. Today there are several car-producing companies that actively work in different parts of the country.

Ukrainian cars are mainly produced in the Zhytomyr, Rivne, Lviv, Zaporizhia, and Kyiv regions. The largest plant is Motor-Sich that produces ZAZ brand cars and system parts for the following vehicles: VAZ, ZAZ, GAZ produced automobiles, Lanos, Sens, Chevrolet Niva, Chevrolet Aveo, Chevrolet Lacetti, Dacia Logan, Daewoo Nexia, Daewoo Matiz. These are compact city cars, which became one of the first Ukrainian goods to be exported abroad.

The company Bohdan also manufactures trucks and buses under the brand. The cars are made with the use of foreign technologies, but they possess special characteristics that distinguish them from other models.

The company ZAZ-Daewoo was founded in 2002 when it joined two large companies: Daelim Industrial and Daewoo Motor Ukraine. Production began in 2003, and by today it has already manufactured more than 1 million cars for local market and export.

The latest models of passenger cars are different modifications of ZAZ Chance, which was released in 2014. For those who prefer to go on long journeys, there is a special model of a large ZAZ-Torpedo car. Initially, both models were produced only by export to the countries of Western Europe and Asia.

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